On this day: Charles Lindbergh became the first person to fly New York to Paris

Charles Lindbergh_wearing_helmet_with_goggles_upCharles Lindbergh flew solo from New York to Paris on 20/21 May 1927. Celebrate the 90th anniversary of this historic flight – and FAI world record - on 21 May 2017.

Ninety years ago, on 21 May 1927, American aviator Charles Lindbergh set the world alight when he completed the first non-stop solo flight from New York to Paris.

In doing so he set an FAI World Record for ‘Distance in a straight-line without landing’.

Flying a specially-built Ryan Monoplane, the Spirit of St Louis, Lindbergh flew 5,809km in 33hr30mins.

14842 LINDBERGH_Charles_1927_2Replica of the “ Spirit of St. Louis ” built in 1977 by the Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) to honour Lindbergh and his aviation achievements

He flew alone, through the night, navigating only by the compass, stars and dead reckoning.

Taking off from Roosevelt Field near New York early on Friday 20 May 1927, he was loaded down with 1,704 litres of fuel.

He headed east, flying as high as 3,000m to clear storm clouds, and as low as 3m, skimming across the wave tops. He flew part of the flight blind through fog for several hours.

When he landed at Le Bourget Airport 10km northeast of Paris at 10.22pm on Saturday 21 May 1927 he was greeted by a crowd of 150,000 people.

The 25-year-old former barnstormer pilot became an international celebrity overnight, and was feted around the world. He received the French Legion d’Honneur and was awarded the USA’s Distinguished Flying Cross.

Lindbergh’s flight was ratified by the FAI, which is the international body responsible for ratifying aviation records.

To prove his flight, and to show that he had completed the trans-Atlantic crossing in one single, Lindbergh carried a sealed barograph in the body of the plane.

Barographs record air pressure, and by looking at the trace of the air pressure recorded during the flight, observers could see that Lindbergh had not landed, and had completed his flight non-stop.

The original trace, which together with other original documents from the record flight are today held at FAI headquarters in Lausanne, shows that Lindbergh flew much of the flight at low altitude. He climbed higher about one-third of the way through the flight, to avoid storm clouds.

14842 LINDBERGH_Charles_1927_3The barogram shows that the flight was made without stopping and most of the time at low altitude to take advantage of the cushion of air close to the water

Other documents the FAI holds from Lindbergh's historic flight include the letter from the National Aeronautic Association of the USA to the FAI requesting the flight be ratified as a world record.

Dated 26 May 1927 and addressed to Monsieur Paul Tissandier, then Secretary General of the FAI, it reads: “We have the honour of submitting our report on the New York-Paris flight, flown by Captain Charles A Lindbergh, and we respectfully ask that this new record is homologated by the FAI.”

The distance claimed is 5,809km or 3,610 miles.

The FAI, which was founded in 1905, holds an archive of international aviation records stretching back more than a century. From Lindbergh's record flight to the first man in Space, they form a unique collection of the most important moments in aviation history.

14842 LINDBERGH_Charles_1927_4Letter sent to the FAI by the National Aeronautic Association of USA asking for the ratification of Lindbergh’s flight as a world record